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How to Apply for a Home Loan with Low Income?

April 03, 2024
How to Apply for a Home Loan with Low Income?<

Applying for low-income home loans might seem like an unattainable task, but it's entirely possible with the right approach and knowledge. Understanding how to navigate the world of low-income house loans can open the door to homeownership, a dream for many.

This article will guide you through the essentials of low-income home loans, including the eligibility criteria, and the necessary property documents required for a home loan. By the end, you'll get valuable insights to take practical steps toward securing a home loan that fits your financial situation.

What a Home Loan is and How it Works?

A home loan is a financial product offered by financial or lending institutions, allowing individuals to borrow money to purchase a house. The loan amount is then repaid over a set period, typically with interest. Home loans work by securing the property as collateral; if the borrower fails to make payments, the lender can take possession of the property.

To qualify, applicants must meet specific eligibility criteria, including income levels, credit history, and employment status. The process involves applying along with required property documents to the lender, who then assesses the application to determine loan approval and terms.

  • Home Purchase Loans: Ideal for buying new or resale homes, offering flexible repayment terms. If approved, the lender may approve a loan of up to 90% of the property value.
  • Home Construction Loans: Designed for individuals looking to construct their homes on owned land, catering to unique construction costs. The loan amount is generally dependent on the approximate cost of construction and is disbursed in installments as the construction progresses.
  • Home Improvement Loans: For renovating or repairing your existing home, these loans cover a wide range of improvement expenses.
  • Home Expansion/Extension Loans: If you're planning to expand your home, these loans finance the addition of rooms or spaces.
  • Balance Transfer Loans: Beneficial for borrowers seeking better interest rates or terms by transferring their existing home loan to a new lender.

These diverse home loan types in India empower individuals from different financial backgrounds and needs to achieve their dream of homeownership or property investment.

Importance of Credit Score and Income in Loan Approval

In the home loan approval process, your credit score and income are very important. A high credit score signals to lenders that you're a responsible borrower and have good creditworthiness. As long as you meet other eligibility criteria, this significantly enhances your chances of loan approval and with lower interest rates. Meanwhile, your income level or having a stable income source such as a salaried job at a reputed company demonstrates your ability to repay the loan.

Lenders evaluate these factors to assess the risk involved in lending. A high credit score and stable income can not only expedite the approval process but also improve the terms of the loan, making it crucial for prospective borrowers to maintain good financial health when considering applying for a home loan.

Tips for Improving your Credit Score before Applying for a Loan

  • Pay bills on time: Late or missed payments can negatively affect your score. Set reminders or automate payments. However, it is important to maintain sufficient funds in the account from which the payment will be made to avoid overdraft charges.
  • Reduce debt levels: Pay down existing debts, especially high-interest credit cards, to lower your credit utilisation ratio. Ideally, the ratio should be maintained below 30% to reflect positively on your credit score.
  • Limit new credit inquiries: Each new credit application can temporarily lower your credit score as a hard inquiry is initiated by the lenders. Apply for new credit sparingly, and take care not to make too many applications within a short period.
  • Dispute errors on credit reports: Regularly review your credit reports and raise a dispute with CIBIL for any inaccuracies that could be hurting your score.
  • Keep a healthy mix of credit types: A healthy mix of credit (e.g., revolving and installment credit) can show lenders you can manage different types of credit responsibly.
  • Maintain low credit card balances: Aim to keep your credit card balances well below the limits to improve your credit utilization ratio.

Implementing these strategies over time can boost your credit score, enhancing your loan eligibility. This will put you in a better position to get favorable loan terms like lower interest rates and flexible repayment tenures.

Preparing for the Home Loan Application: Eligibility

  • Nationality: Must be an Indian citizen living in India.
  • Age: Your age must be between 21 and 65 . Age at loan maturity is taken into account.
  • CIBIL score: Aim for a score of 700  or above for favourable loan terms.
  • Occupation: Open to salaried employees, professional individuals, and self-employed persons, offering a range of eligibility for diverse financial backgrounds.

Preparing for the Home Loan Application: Documentation Requirements

  • Home loan application form: This must be duly filled.
  • Passport-size photographs: An updated photograph must be submitted.
  • Proof of identification (POI): Choose from an Aadhaar Card, PAN Card, Passport, Driving License, or Voter’s ID Card.
  • Proof of address/residence (POA): Options include a Passport, Ration Card, Account Passbook, Voter’s ID Card, Utility Bills, or a letter from a recognized authority.
  • Income documentation for salaried individuals: Form 16 or Income Tax Returns for the last 2 years, pay slips for the last 3 months, and account statements.
  • Income documentation for self-employed individuals: Last 2 years' ITRs, balance sheet and profit & loss statement attested by a CA, business license or equivalent, professional practice license, registration certificate of establishment, and business address proof.
  • Documents related to the property to be purchased: Sales deed, NOC from the housing society or the property owner, occupancy certificate (applicable for constructed apartments), stamped sales agreement, etc.

Organizing these documents beforehand can simplify your home loan application process.

How to Apply and Get Approved for a Home Loan with a Low Salary?

  • Strong application: Ensure your application is robust, including proof of income and identity, to demonstrate your repayment capability to lenders.
  • Co-applicant: Increase your loan eligibility by applying with a co-applicant, boosting the total income considered by lenders.
  • Maintain a good credit score: A high credit score, reflecting no default payments and responsible credit management, can significantly improve loan terms.
  • Leverage government subsidies: Explore "Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana - Housing for All" for interest subsidies under the CLSS, aimed at supporting economically weaker sections and low-income groups.
  • State government subsidies: Investigate additional subsidies offered by state governments, tailored to residents' needs. Remember, you cannot avail of both central and state subsidies simultaneously; choose the one that best fits your situation.
  • Provide Additional Income Proof: In addition to your salary, consider including other sources of income such as rental income, freelance work, or part-time jobs. Providing proof of additional income can strengthen your loan application.
  • Opt for a Longer Loan Tenure: Choosing a longer loan tenure can help reduce the EMI amount, making it more affordable on a low salary. However, keep in mind that a longer tenure may result in higher overall interest payments.
  • Maintain a Stable Employment History: Lenders prefer borrowers with a stable job history as it indicates a steady income. Avoid frequently changing jobs before applying for a home loan to demonstrate financial stability.

These steps can enhance your chances of securing a home loan on a low salary, making homeownership more accessible.

Government Schemes and Subsidies for Low-income Families - PMAY and Beyond

Government Subsidies for Affordable Housing

  • The "Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana - Housing for All" provides interest subsidies under the Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS) for various income groups.
  • Economically Weak Sections (EWS): Households earning up to INR 3 lakhs annually can receive a subsidy of up to INR 2.67 lakhs for properties up to 30 sq. meters.
  • Lower Income Group (LIG): For annual incomes up to INR 6 lakhs, the subsidy is also INR 2.67 lakhs for properties up to 60 sq. meters.
  • Middle Income Group - I (MIG-I): Families earning between INR 6-12 lakhs can avail of an INR 2.35 lakhs subsidy for homes up to 160 sq. meters.
  • Middle Income Group – II (MIG-II): Households with INR 12-18 lakhs income get a INR 2.3 lakhs subsidy for properties up to 200 sq. meters.

Must Read - Own a Home with Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana

State Government Subsidies

In addition to central government subsidies, state governments offer various housing loan subsidies. Applicants must choose between central or state subsidies as both cannot be availed simultaneously. These subsidies apply only to the first home purchase and cannot be claimed more than once by the same applicant.

It is important to note that the eligibility criteria and the subsidy amounts may change over time.

Income Criteria at SMFG Grihashakti

Income criteria at SMFG Grihashakti are designed to ensure that applicants have a stable financial standing to qualify for a home loan. For salaried individuals, the minimum monthly salary required is INR 1,20,000 per annum. This criterion aims to ensure that borrowers have a consistent income flow to meet their loan obligations. Additionally, applicants must have been employed at their current job for at least one year, demonstrating job stability and a reliable source of income.

For self-employed individuals seeking a home loan from SMFG Grihashakti, the income criteria are based on the annual turnover and yearly profit after tax. The specific minimum amount required varies depending on the nature of the business and the industry in which the applicant operates. This criterion is essential for assessing the financial health of self-employed applicants and their ability to repay the loan.

By setting these income criteria, SMFG Grihashakti aims to ensure that borrowers have the financial capacity to manage their home loan repayments responsibly. Meeting these income requirements demonstrates financial stability and increases the likelihood of loan approval, enabling individuals to realize their dream of owning a home with the support of SMFG Grihashakti's home loan offerings.


Navigating the path to homeownership, especially on a low salary, can be possible with the right knowledge and resources. By understanding the various home loan options available, including government subsidies and low-income home loan programs, you can strategically position yourself to successfully apply for a home loan. Remember, a strong application, possibly with a co-applicant, a healthy credit score, and leveraging available subsidies, are key steps to enhance your loan eligibility. It's also vital to choose wisely between central and state government subsidies to best suit your needs.

When you're ready to take the next step, SMFG Grihashakti offers tailored home loan solutions to fit your financial situation. Embrace these insights and take a confident step toward homeownership with SMFG Grihashakti by your side.

FAQs on Dholera Smart City Project

How can a low-income person get a home loan?

A low-income person can secure a home loan by exploring government-subsidized programs like the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, maintaining a good credit score, considering a co-applicant to increase income eligibility, and choosing lenders offering loans tailored for lower-income applicants.

How to buy a house with a low salary?

Buying a house on a low salary involves researching lenders with favourable loan options for low-income earners, utilizing government subsidies, improving your credit score for better loan terms, and possibly joining finances with a co-applicant.

What is the minimum salary to get a home loan?

The minimum salary for a home loan varies by lender and location but generally, financial institutions look for a stable income that supports the loan repayment after accounting for the applicant's living expenses and liabilities.

Can I get a subsidy for a home loan?

Yes, you can get a subsidy for a home loan under government schemes like the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, which offers interest subsidies to eligible applicants based on their income category, making homeownership more accessible.

Does income affect home loan eligibility?

Yes, income significantly affects home loan eligibility criteria as it determines your repayment capacity. Lenders evaluate your income to ensure you can comfortably manage the monthly loan repayments alongside your existing financial obligations.

Disclaimer: *Please note that this article is for your knowledge only. Loans are disbursed at the sole discretion of SMFG Grihashakti. Final approval, loan terms, disbursal process, foreclosure charges and foreclosure process will be subject to SMFG Grihashakti’s policy at the time of loan application. If you wish to know more about our products and services, please contact us.

SMFG India Home Finance Co. Ltd. (Formerly Fullerton India Home Finance Co. Ltd.)
CIN number: U65922TN2010PLC076972

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