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What is the Process of Home Loan Application

Updated: Mar 09, 2022
Part-Payment-on-Home-loan-Uses-and-Benefits

With easier access to home loans, buying your dream house has never been so easy. Yet, many homebuyers struggle with the questions- how can I get a home loan or what is the home loan process?

If you are struggling to find the answer, this blog article is for you.

Before taking the first step in your journey to own your dream home with a home loan, it’s important to get yourself acquainted with all the home loan procedures.

While you can take a home loan from any lender, the overall home loan process is common for all.

Step-by-Step Explanation to Home Loan Process in India

The following is the step by step process of how to apply for a home loan in India.

Step 1: Applying for Home Loan

The very first step to your home loan process starts with the formal application to the lender. You need to submit a filled-in home loan application with the necessary documents. You can do this online by clicking the “Apply now” button on this page and filling in the form with the required information.

The following documents are required to be submitted at this stage:

  • PAN and KYC documents
  • Bank statement for last 6 months
  • Income details-for salaried- last 3 months salary slips, ITR and Form 16 for the last 2 years
  • Income details-for self-employed- last 2 years ITR, CA audited financials, proof of business existence

Documents of the house property you wish to purchase:

  • Sales deed or stamped sale agreement
  • NOC from the society or property developer
  • Possession certification
  • Detailed estimate of construction cost
  • Proof of payment receipt of down-payment to the property developer
  • Occupancy certificate (if it is a constructed property)

Please note that this is just a basic list for your reference. Depending on your profile and the property you want to purchase, additional documents may be requested.

Step 2: Evaluating Your Eligibility

After the lender receives your application, they will evaluate your repayment capacity as well as overall eligibility by analyzing the CIBIL score, income details, existing loan obligations (if any), and the size of the home loan amount.

Step 3: Home Loan Application Verification

The lender will initiate further processing by evaluating the details provided in the home loan application.

You may be contacted by the lender’s representatives to have a face-to-face discussion, in which they will try to understand your repayment capability and clear any doubts related to the documentation process.

Post-interaction, the lender will initiate the process to verify the documents, in which officials may visit your present residential address, office address, and the property you wish to purchase.

Any fake / incorrect documents or mismatch in information at this stage can result in the rejection of the home loan application. Please note that since property evaluation is also involved, the process may take 15-21 days.

Must Read :Afraid of Getting Home Loan Application Rejection?

Step 4: Approval Stage

Now comes the most important stage, the approval and issue of the sanction letter.

At this stage the lender has two options- either to reject the home loan application or approve it with appropriate terms and conditions.

If the home loan application is approved, you will be contacted by the lender to discuss the home loan interest rate and other terms and conditions of the loan.

After getting your confirmation on the terms, the lender proceeds to issue the sanction letter. The sanction letter includes the following details:

  • Sanctioned loan amount
  • Rate of interest rate
  • Fixed or floating interest rate
  • Loan repayment tenure
  • Mode of loan repayment
  • Terms and conditions of the home loan

You need to sign the loan sanction letter (or loan agreement, in some cases) to indicate your acceptance of the terms and conditions, a copy of which will be kept by the lender for its records as an acceptance copy.

Step 5: Property Deed

Before disbursal of the sanctioned home loan amount, the lender will carry a final legal and valuation check of the property. In this stage, you need to submit the original documents of the property and hand over the rights of your property deeds to the lender.

The house property you will buy using the home loan acts as collateral, and in case of default, the lender will have the right to take over the property. Only after full repayment of the home loan, the lender will hand over the property documents to you.

Step 6: Home Loan Disbursal

Following all the checks and formalities are completed, both legal and technical, the lender will disburse the home loan amount. The lender can make direct payment to the property developer or credit the amount in your bank account if you are self-constructing the house property.

Step 7: Payment of Home Loan Processing Fee

You need to pay the non-refundable home loan processing fee that is usually a small percentage of the home loan amount.

The payment of the processing fee marks the commencement of processing of your home loan application by the lender. Usually, the lender may take a cheque from you after loan approval, or may deduct this amount and then disburse the rest of the loan amount as in the previous step.

Knowing all the processes on how to get a home loan beforehand ensures a smooth and hassle-free home loan application process. However, before applying for the home loan, ensure you meet all the eligibility criteria prescribed by the lender to improve your home loan approval chances.

Step 8: Ensure Technical Checks and Site Estimation

To secure a home loan, meticulous technical checks and site estimations are imperative. Given that the house itself serves as collateral, lenders exercise caution in assessing its technical aspects for an accurate valuation.

This involves sending experts such as employees, civil engineers, or architects to evaluate the construction stage, quality, time needed for completion, layout approval, builder certificates, and estimated property value

For resale properties, evaluators scrutinize building age, construction quality, surrounding area, and adherence to approval plans. These measures ensure a thorough understanding of the property's worth and condition, safeguarding the lender's interests in collateral-based home loans.

Step 9. Sanction Letter

The sanction letter ensures clarity on your approved loan amount, interest type, and repayment duration, streamlining the finalization of your home loan process. It contains the following details:

  • Loan Amount
  • Rate of Interest
  • Type of interest rate (Fixed or Variable)
  • Repayment Tenor

This document may also include other terms, conditions, and policies. To formalize acceptance, sign a copy and return it to the lender.

Must Read:Tips To Make Home Buying Process Less overwhelming

Things that Affect your Home Loan Approval

Several crucial elements can significantly impact the approval of your home loan, including:

  • Age: The age of the applicant is a pivotal factor affecting loan approval. Individuals nearing retirement may encounter challenges in securing loan approval.
  • Monthly Income: A stable income source greatly facilitates loan approval. Lenders view frequent job changes unfavourably, as they may suggest income instability.
  • Age of Property: The property's age is critical in the home loan approval process. If the property is excessively old, lenders might reject the loan application.
  • Credit Score: A crucial determinant, a low credit score raises concerns for lenders, potentially hindering loan approval. Conversely, a high credit score can enhance your eligibility, leading to more favourable loan terms and a higher loan amount.

Conclusion

Navigating the home loan application process is beneficial for individuals as it considers crucial aspects such as age, income stability, property age, and credit score. By understanding and addressing these factors, individuals increase their chances of securing favourable loan terms and amounts.

The process includes checking your eligibility criteria along with a comprehensive evaluation, ensuring that the loan aligns with the individual's financial capacity and goals. The applicant then needs to provide their accurate details, upload the necessary documents, and submit their application. This ultimately leads to more tailored home loan benefits, contributing to a successful and satisfying homeownership experience. Let SMFG Grihashakti be your trusted partner in this journey. Apply for a home loan today!

FAQ's

What is the processing time for home loans?

The processing time for home loans fluctuates depending on diverse factors and the procedures of the lending institution. Spanning from application submission to loan approval and disbursal, the overall processing time is usually 72 hours*, subject to eligibility and successful verification of the loan documents.

What is the home loan part disbursement process?

The home loan disbursement process involves releasing the loan to the borrower gradually rather than as a lump sum. This is prevalent when financing an under-construction property or renovations. The aim is to align disbursements with construction or renovation progress, mitigating risks for both borrower and lender.

What is full disbursement?

Full disbursement in a home loan context involves the lender releasing the entire loan amount at once rather than in installments. This occurs when acquiring a ready-to-possess property from a developer or seller. In contrast, for under-construction properties, the lender disburses the amount gradually, corresponding to the construction progress.

What additional documents are required during the home loan procedure?

Additional documents required during the home loan procedure can vary, depending on specific circumstances. While standard documents include KYC, income, and financial proofs, lenders may request further details or evidence if needed for clarity. For property-related documents, the title deed and tax receipts are crucial, and lenders might also seek the project plan to ensure comprehensive understanding and evaluation during the home loan application process.

How much salary is required for a home loan?

The salary required for a home loan hinges on the loan amount, interest rate, and tenure. Lenders evaluate the debt-to-income (DTI) ratio, aiming for a 40% or lower ratio. This means that total monthly debt payments, including the home loan, should not exceed 40% of the gross monthly income. The actual calculation varies based on lender criteria, interest rates, and the borrower's financial profile, encompassing factors like credit score and existing obligations.

How can I easily get a home loan?

Boost your home loan approval chances by improving your credit score, maintaining stable employment, and saving for a significant down payment. Clear existing debts and seek pre-approval to understand eligibility. Moreover, organize the required documents and consider a co-applicant or guarantor if necessary. Choose the right loan type and consult a mortgage advisor for guidance.

What is the criteria for getting a home loan?

For a home loan application, provide KYC documents, account statements (last 6 months), income proof (salary slips or P&L statements for self-employed), and business proof for self-employed individuals. Eligibility criteria include Indian citizenship, an age between 21-65 years, and a CIBIL score of 700 or higher. Occupation options include salaried, professional, and self-employed. Note: Requirements may vary based on individual loan application.

How much home loan can I get if my salary is 40000?

The method for calculating home loan based on salary of INR 40000 may differ from lender to lender. The amount also depends on several other parameters such as age, credit score, property value, and so on. You can use our online loan against property LTV calculator. It gives you an estimate of the maximum loan amount you may get based on your income as well as the nature and value of the property.

What is loan application processing?

Loan application processing involves the steps taken by the lender to determine your eligibility, verify your application/documents, determine the loan terms. In cases of loan against property, it also involves a valuation check on the property before disbursing the loan.

What is the cibil score required for home loan approval?

The minimum CIBIL score requirement for home loan approval can vary from lender to lender. At SMFG Grihashakti, you should have a minimum CIBIL score of 700 to apply for a home loan.

What happens after a loan application?

You can expect the following steps after applying for a loan against property -

  • Evaluation of your eligibility and repayment capacity by the lender.
  • Verification of your application and documentation, which may require a face-to-face discussion with the representative of the lender.
  • Approval and issue of the sanction letter which includes the loan terms including the amount, interest rate, and tenure.
  • Acceptance and signing of the loan sanction letter/loan agreement by you.
  • Property valuation check by the lender followed by loan disbursement.
Disclaimer: *Please note that this article is for your knowledge only. Loans are disbursed at the sole discretion of SMFG Grihashakti. Final approval, loan terms, disbursal process, foreclosure charges and foreclosure process will be subject to SMFG Grihashakti’s policy at the time of loan application. If you wish to know more about our products and services, please contact us.

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SMFG India Home Finance Co. Ltd. (Formerly Fullerton India Home Finance Co. Ltd.)
CIN number: U65922TN2010PLC076972
IRDAI COR No: CA0492

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